The state joined the union on May 23, 1788 – State No 08/13
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN SOUTH CAROLINA
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
Georgetown Rice Museum
Bust of Lafayette to commemorate the first landing of Marquis de La Fayette on North Island, Georgetown SC June 13, 1777.
On the right side of Rice Museum, at the end of the path
Lafayette plaque on the front tower of Rice Museum
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, La Grange « Home » of Lafayette.
DeBordieu, a beachside community in Georgetown County, SC
DeBordieu, DeBordieu Beach or Colony is an unincorporated community & private community in Georgetown County, SC. It consists of approximately 2,700 acres (11 km2) of land, of which roughly 800 acres is a wildlife preserve. DeBordieu is located south of Pawleys Island and north of Georgetown east of U.S. Route 17. It is an oceanfront gated community with a private golf and country club. (From Wikipedia)
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Columbia, SC – State Capital
(no street named for Lafayette found)
West Columbia, SC
(West Columbia, is a city. It lies west of Columbia, SC)
(Cayce, SC is bordered to the north by its sister suburb, West Columbia, SC)
Anderson, SC – Lafayette St.
Beaufort, SC – Lafayette St.
Camden, SC – Lafayette St.
Goose Creek, SC – Lafayette St.
Greenville – SC – Lafayette St.
Hemingway, SC – Lafayette St.
Little River, SC – Lafayette Park (Home area)
Mayesville, SC – Lafayette St.
Myrtle Beach, SC – Lafayette Rd.
Spartanburg – SC – Lafayette St.
Sumter, SC – Lafayette Dr.
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their life for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
The 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
After a daring departure from France (Bordeaux) and finally from Spain (Los passajes), LaFayette aboard the ship La Victoire sailed for America on April 26, 1777, with Kalb, and about a dozen other officers. After a two-month journey to the New World, Lafayette landed on North Island near Georgetown, SC, on 13 June 1777.
Lafayette first landing in America in 1777 and Washington visit in 1791 / 2 roadmakers US Route 17 in front of DeBordieu Colony, Georgetown, SC
Lafayette first landing in America in 1777 and first night at Benjamin Huger’s summer home
« A lover of liberty Lafayette left Bordeaux, France March 26, 1777, to « conquer or perish » in the American cause, and arrived at Benjamin Huger’s summer home, near here June 4, 1777, where he spent his first night in America. He rendered eminent services in our struggle for independence »
(After the stopover at the home of Major Benjamin Huger, Lafayette headed for Philadelphia to meet George Washington)
George Washington visit
*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States 1783-1803
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.
TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
• October 6 – Wilmington, DE
• October 12 –District of Columbia. DC
• October 15 –Arlington House, and Washington, D.C. at night
• October 17 – Mount Vernon, VA
• October 18–19 – Petersburg, VA for visit to Yorktown, VA
• October 19–22 – Williamsburg, VA
• October 22 – Norfolk/Virginia, Portsmouth, VA
• October – Richmond, VA
• November 4 –Monticello, VA (former President Thomas Jefferson).
• November 8 – Charlottesville, VA
• Early December – Washington, D.C.
• December 15 – Washington, D.C.
• December 17 – Annapolis, MD (visits Fort Severn).
• December 24 – Frederick, MD. (« Jug Bridge » crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike).
• January 1 – Washington, D.C. (Congress)
• January 19 – Baltimore to Norfolk and Richmond, VA
• January 31 – Harrisburg, PA (Perseverance Lodge #21)
• February 23 -Suffolk, VA and Halifax, NC (sandy « Lower Road » from Richmond, VA to Raleigh, NC)
• February 25 -Lafayette granted Poulson’s Advertiser an interview.
• February 26—Murfreesboro, NC (first overnight in NC)
• February 27 – Northampton, NC (now the town of Jackson) and Halifax NC
• February 28 – Enfield, NC (brief stop at home of Joseph Branch and across Tar River at the falls (now Rocky Mount). Night at Rogers Crossroads/NC
• March 1. Fayetteville, NC
• March 2–3 – Raleigh, NC
• March 15 – Lafayette arrives in Charleston, SC (South Carolina), and enjoys three days of balls, fireworks and reunions. The reunion in Charleston with Francis Kinloch Huger, son of his comrade Benjamin Huger, is particularly significant, since Francis had tried to free Lafayette from an Austrian prison around 1795.
Timothy Ford’s House. Lafayette was received here in 1824? or 1825 (photo GC-2015)
• March 18 – Lafayette arrives in Beaufort, SC, to a 13-gun salute and speaks to citizens from the John Mark Verdier House also known as « Lafayette Building »
• March 19 –Savannah, GA (Georgia).
• March 21 –Savannah, GA. (Johnson Square, memorial General Nathanael Greene)
• March 23 – Augusta, GA (up to the Savannah River by steamboat)
• March 25 – Warrenton, GA (along the Milledgeville Stage Road)
• March 26 – Sparta, GA
• March 27 – Milledgeville, GA (capital of Georgia since 1804). Night at the Gachet house, Lamar County/Georgia.
• March 29 – Macon, GA (visits the Old Creek Indian agency in Crawford County, Georgia)
• March 30 – Night in a bark-covered log cabin (now in Chattahoochee County)
• March 31 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• May 22 –Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern)
• May 24 – Wheeling/Virginia
• May 25 – Washington/Pennsylvania
• Late July –Baltimore/Maryland, via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, Maryland. Spends two days in Baltimore.
• Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia
• September 6 – Washington, D.C.
• September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington, D.C. and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.