State joined the union on July 26, 1788 – State No 11/13
(click on the map to enlarge)
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN NEW YORK
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
New York City (NYC) – Union Square/Manhattan-Harlem/Brooklyn
New York City (NYC), NY
Lafayette is represented in three monuments in city parks, two statues designed by sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (1834–1904),
who created the Statue of Liberty (1886) and a sculpture (relief) by Daniel Chester French
NYC-Union Square, NY
Union Square is noted for its impressive equestrian statue of George Washington the first public sculpture erected (1856) in New York City.
Others statues are included in the park like Lafayette and Abraham Lincoln.
The statue of Marquis de La Fayette, on the east side of union Square Donated by French residents of New York.
By Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, dedicated at the Centennial, July 4, 1876
The statue of the Marquis de Lafayette and George Washington, clasping hands by Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (1890-1900) was unveiled in the center of a little triangular plaza in Harlem.
At the junction of West 114th Street, Morningside and Manhattan Avenues.
It is a copy of Paris’s Lafayette and Washington monument “Place de la République” Paris,France.
Lafayette Monument – A bronze relief by Daniel Chester French (1850–1931)
A gift of Henry Harteau, a Brooklyn glass manufacturer of French ancestry. Prospect Park 95 Prospect Park W (at 9th St.
TOPIC II (T2) MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township … square, historic or natural sites…may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange « home » of Lafayette.
LaFayette, NY – or Lafayette a Town
Fayette, NY – a Village
Fayetteville, NY – a Village
Fort Lafayette, a coastal fortification in the Narrows of New York City Harbor
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Places, Parks, sites …
Albany, NY – State Capital
Green Island, NY (Near Albany)
(It is a coterminous town and village at some 8 miles (13 km.) north of Albany, NY)
New York City (NYC), NY
(New York City actually has Lafayette Streets or Avenue… in each borough)
The square was named for General Lafayette, who visited Buffalo in 1825
Formerly Court House Park or Courthouse Square, in the center of downtown Buffalo, NY that hosts a Civil War monument.
Lafayette Hotel, – right sid, red briks
Amherst, NY – Lafayette Blvd.
Groton, NY – Lafayette Rd.
Irondequoit, NY ¬- Lafayette Rd.
Jamesville, NY – Lafayette Rd.
Lafayette or LaFayette, NY – Lafayette Rd.
Long Beach, NY – Lafayette Blvd.
Malone, NY – La Fayette Rd.
Mc Lean, NY – Lafayette Rd.
Niagara Fall, NY – Lafayette Ave.
Plattsburg, NY – Lafayette St.
Rochester, NY – Lafayette Rd.
Syracuse, NY – Lafayette Rd.
Syracuse, NY – Fayette St.
West Babylon, NY – Lafayette Rd.
Williamsville, NY – Lafayette Blvd.
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC IV (T4) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their live for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 states involved : Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
Lafayette: First military campaign : from June 1777 to January 1779
Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents” : from February 1779 to March 1780
Lafayette: Second military campaign : from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navare
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officialy and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.
– He visited the Mohawk Valley in New York to participate in peace negotiations with the Iroquois, some of whom he had met in 1778.
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
• July 13 – Lafayette leaves France on an American merchant vessel, the « Cadmus ».
• August 15 – Lafayette arrives at Staten Island, New York.
Lafayette was a big hero in post-Revolutionary War years. So to help celebrate America’s 50th birthday, Lafayette was invited back to the U.S. in 1824. His arrival in August of that year put the city in the grip of Lafayette fever.
New York City, NY
• August 16 – New York City landing at Castle Garden.
Lafayette welcoming Parade NYC
Lafayette and his entourage landed at Castle Clinton where an enormous military escort had been assembled to usher him along Broadway and to the New York City Hall, where he was to be greeted by Mayor Stephen Allen a route lined by upwards of 50,000 people (about one-third of the city’s population at the time).
The military escort formed at Castle Garden (ex-Clinton) to await the arrival of Lafayette
The military escort was formed of New York militia, including the Lafayette Guards (1st Company, New York State Artillery), the Washington Greys (8th Regiment, New York Volunteers), the « Morris Cadets » and the Brooklyn Horse Guards.
He attended parties, plays, a spectacular ball at Castle Clinton and visited a school in West Village Lower Manhattan.
• August 20 –From New York City to Bridgeport/Connecticut, (NYC-Harlem, NY- New Rochelle, NY – Byram Bridge and Putnam Hill in Greenwich, Stamford, Norwalk, Saugatuck (Westport) and Fairfield) before reaching Bridgeport, Connecticut and staying at the Washington Hotel.
New Rochelle, NY
(August 21–24 – New Haven/Connecticut; Providence/Rhode Island; Stoughton/ Massachusetts; and Boston/Mass)
(September 4 – Hartford and Middletown/Connecticut.)
• September 5 – Lafayette is back in NY Staste and arrives in New York City.
• September 11 –New York City, Celebrates the 47th anniversary of the Battle with French residents in New York.
• September 16 -Visits Poughkeepsie, NY
• September 24 -Visits Newburgh, NY
New York City, NY
September 11, 1824 Lafayette Celebrates the 47th anniversary of the Battle with French residents in New York.
NYC, on September 16, the General embarked at 1 o’clock, a.m. At half past two his Poughkeepsie approach was announced by a discharge of cannons from the bluff just below the landing at Poughkeepsie. Soon after sunrise, a large concourse of the citizens of Poukeepsie, with a military escort, arrived at the wharf. The party visited the town up Main Street into Academy, and down Cannon into Market Street, in front of the Forbus Hotel, where they were formed into a hollow square, and the General was received by the Trustees of the village. At the conclusion of these ceremonies the General was escorted to the Poughkeepsie Hotel, where an excellent breakfast was provided.
On September 24? Lafayette visits the Town
September 28 –Philadelphia, PA. Heading to Delaware
(May 25 – Washington, PA
• May 29 – Visits Braddock, PA
• May 30–31 –Pittsburgh, PA
• June 1 –Butler, PA
• June 4 – Buffalo, NY: Lafayette gives speech at Eagle Tavern, Lafayette Square. (Lafayette follows part of the route of the still-uncompleted Erie Canal from Buffalo across New York State.
• June 7 – Rochester NY: Lafayette meets local Revolutionary War veterans at Silvius Hoard’s Tavern.
General Lafayette during his tour gave a speech in front of the Eagle Tavern, a highly regarded hotel in its day.
He spoke on a platform to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the outbreak of the war.
The square is named for him (see Topic III)
Niagara Falls, NY
**Sunday, June 4, 1825
-at 2pm: Lafayette arrives in Niagara Falls and gets a tour from Judge Augustus Porter (whom the Town of Porter is named after)
-a t 3:30pm: Lafayette and his party cross the bridge to Goat Island and remain there for 2 hours. Judge Porter offered to sell him Goat Island for $10,000, but he declined because it was too far away from France.
The General was mesmerized by the Falls and spent 30 minutes alone in quiet contemplation
-at 8pm: Lafayette arrives in Lewiston and goes directly to a reception at Kelsey’s Tavern
Kelsey Tavern Lafayette Marker : Erected in 1820 by Thomas and Catherine Kelsey. In 1825 Marquis De Lafayette spent the night in this inn and was reunited with Nicholas Cusick, a Tuscarora Chief, who was his scout during the Revolution and whom he credited with saving his life.
Marker is at ground level on a stone where the walkway to the building splits.
**Monday, June 5, 1825
-at 6am: Lafayette’s party leaves Lewiston to have breakfast at Fort Niagara where he is greeted with a 24 gun salute. After visiting the troops, he returns to Lewiston.
-at 10am: Lafayette leaves Lewiston and heads east on Ridge Road to Lockport.
He stops at the Tuscarora Reservation where a large crowd had gathered to greet him. Lafayette called out and asked if his long time friend, Chief Nicholas Cusick, was there. Cusick yells, “I’m here, General” and the two embraced. Lafayette presented the Chief with a “handsome belt” as a token of his long time friendship with Cusick and invited him to join him in his carriage ride to Lockport.
Lafayette subsequently visited Lockport and continued to Rochester via the newly opened Erie Canal.
Lockport – Erie Canal
« On this site stood the tavern of Silvius Hoard where General Lafayette received the veterans of the revolutionary war
June 7, 1825″
June 10, 1825 Colonel Col. Gerrit G. Lansing received Marquis de La Fayette
“Here at the entrance of the grounds of Col. Gerrit G. Lansing stood the two oaks underneath which the Marquis de Lafayette, Col. Lansing’s Companion in Arms at Yorktown was received on the morning of June 10, 1825 by the residents of Oriskany.”
(The trees, which have been gone for many years, are marked by a commemmorative plaque installed by the Oriskany Chapter of the D.A.R. in 1923.)
The original foundation, still in existence, of Col. Gerrit G. Lansing home has walls 18 inches thick and is today located 109 Dexter Avenue, Oriskany.
Gen. Lafayette – In June 1825 Major General The Marquis De Lafayette Was Hosted At A Lunch In This Home.
Built By The Hon. Judge John Baker
Lebanon Springs, NY
(Warm Springs, a favorite spa of early Americans was on the Albany-Boston stagecoach route)
In June 1825 the Marquis de Lafayette on his way to Boston stayed at the hotel which held a banquet to honor the Marquis de Lafayette and his son.
In 1825 the Columbia Hall (1794-1914) was one of the first and most opulent of the spring’s hotels it had 300 bedrooms for 400 guests
and ornate ballrooms.
From June 17, 1825 to June 3, 1825 Lafayette visisits New England and is back to Boston in July.
• July 14, 1825
New York City, NY
This unit later adopted the title “National Guard” in honor of Lafayette’s Garde National de Paris.
• July 14 – Morristown, NJ
• July 15 – Bottle Hill, NJ (now Madison) on his way to Springfield.
• July 20 -Germantown and Chestnut Hill, PA
• July 25 –Wilmington, DE
• July 26 – Chester, PA. Brandywine Battlefield, PA. West Chester,PA
• July 27 – Lancaster, PA. Heading to Maryland