The State joined the union on December 7, 1787 – State No 01/13
Capital: Dover, DE
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN DELAWARE
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
(No outdoor sculptures found)
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township … may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange, ‘Home » of Lafayette
« La Grange » – Glasgow, DE
« La Grange », also known as Samuel Henry Black House, is a historic home located near Glasgow. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Grange_(Glasgow,_Delaware)
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Dover, DE – State Capital
(No street named for Lafayette found)
– Lafayette Blvd.
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their lives for their independence.
Between 1776 and 1783, France spent 1.3 billion French pounds. A huge debt for the time that drained the Treasure of the Kingdom.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 Englis colonies or states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779.
Portrait by Charles Willson Peale
* Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
* Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
* Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million French pounds “livres tournois” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States 1783-1803
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.
TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States in 1825
The 24 states visited: Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
• October 6 – Wilmington/Delaware: Lafayette escorted by the Grand Lodge of Delaware Masons
Lafayette Lodge No. 14 (front)
Ancient Free & Accepted Masons / Established January 17, 1825
• October 12 –District of Columbia.
• October 15 –Arlington House, and Washington/D.C. at night
• October 17 – Mount Vernon/Virginia
• October 18–19 – Petersburg/Virginia, for visit to Yorktown/Virginia
• October 19–22 – Williamsburg/Virginia
• October 22 – Norfolk/Virginia, Portsmouth/Virginia.
• October – Richmond/Virginia,
• November 4 –Monticello/Virginia (former President Thomas Jefferson).
• November 8 – Charlottesville/Virginia
• Early December – Washington/D.C.
• December 15 – Washington/D.C.
• December 17 – Annapolis/Maryland (visits Fort Severn).
• December 24 – Frederick, Maryland. (« Jug Bridge » crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike).
• January 1 – Washington/D.C. (Congress)
• January 19 – Baltimore to Norfolk and Richmond/Virginia
• January 31 – Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Perseverance Lodge #21)
• February 23 -Suffolk/Virginia and Halifax/North Carolina (sandy « Lower Road » from Richmond to Raleigh)
• February 25 -Lafayette granted Poulson’s Advertiser an interview.
• February 26—Murfreesboro/North Carolina (first overnight in NC)
• February 27 – Northampton/NC (now the town of Jackson) and Halifax NC
• February 28 – Enfield/North Carolina (brief stop at home of Joseph Branch and Tar River at the falls (now Rocky Mount). Night at Rogers Crossroads/NC
• March 1. Fayetteville/North Carolina
• March 2–3 – Raleigh, North Carolina
• March 15 -Charleston, South Carolina,
• March 18 – Beaufort, South Carolina, (John Mark Verdier House)
• March 19 –Savannah, Georgia.
• March 21 –Savannah, Georgia. (Johnson Square, memorial General Nathanael Greene)
• March 23 – Augusta/Georgia (up to the Savannah River by steamboat)
• March 25 – Warrenton, Georgia (along the Milledgeville Stage Road)
• March 26 – Sparta, Georgia
• March 27 – Milledgeville, Georgia (capital of Georgia since 1804). Night at the Gachet house, Lamar County/Georgia.
• March 29 – Macon/Georgia (visits the Old Creek Indian agency in Crawford County, Georgia)
• March 30 – Night in a bark-covered log cabin (now in Chattahoochee County)
• March 31 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• May 22 –Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern)
• May 24 – Wheeling/Virginia
• May 25 – Washington/Pennsylvania
- July 20 – Lafayette visits Germantown and Chestnut Hill, near Philadelphia.
- July 25 – Lafayette again visits Wilmington, Delaware.
On January 17, 1825, a charter was granted to Lafayette Lodge No. 14 by Grand Master, Joshua G. Brinckle, naming Josiah F. Clement, Worshipful Master, John D. Wood, Senior Warden and John Gordon, Junior Warden.
At a Special Communication of the Grand Lodge of Delaware on July 25, 1825, which was called for the purpose of making Brother Lafayette our first Past Grand Master Honorarius, the distinguished guest, his son, and secretary signed their names to the Lodge’s charter, which had been named in honor of him only six months earlier. (From Lafayette Lodge No. 14) » http://www.masonsindelaware.org/blue/history/lh14.htm
- July 26 – Lafayette departs Chester, Pennsylvania, for the Brandywine Battlefield, ending the day in West Chester.
- July 27 – Departs West Chester for Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
- Late July – Departs Lancaster for Baltimore, Maryland, via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, Maryland. Spends two days in Baltimore.
• Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia
• September 6 – Washington, D.C.
• September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.