MARYLAND, MD (07)

The state joined the union on April 28, 1788 – State No 07/13

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maryland

Capital: Annapolis, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapolis,_Maryland

In 1785, the Maryland General Assembly awarded Maryland citizenship and therefore American citizenship to Lafayette

In 1824,25, Lafayette again received honorary citizenship of Maryland.

Topics I et II usa-states-map - GC 01-01-2016
* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States □ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

TOPIC I (T1)OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN MARYLAND

Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…

Baltimore, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

Equestrian statue of Lafayette in front of the Washington Monument,

Mount Vernon Place / South Garden. September 6, 1924, by Andrew O’Connor and was dedicated in 1924 by President Calvin Coolidge.

Havre de Grace, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havre_de_Grace,_Maryland

 

Statue of Lafayette on Union Avenue & Warren Street (1976)

TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…

Town, city, village, county, township … may refer or are named for

General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange « Home » of Lafayette

Havre de Grace, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havre_de_Grace,_Maryland

– a Town

La Grange / La Plata, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Grange_(La_Plata,_Maryland)

LA_GRANGE La plata, MD

« La Grange » is a historic home located at La Plata, Charles County. It was the home of Dr. James Craik from 1765 to 1783.

LaGrange / Cambridge, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaGrange_(Cambridge,_Maryland)

I- La grange, Cambridge, MD

« LaGrange », also known as »La Grange Plantation » or Meredith House, is a historic home located at Cambridge, Dorchester County. It was built about 1760.

TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…

Parks, places, sites …

Annapolis, MD – Capital State

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapolis,_Maryland

Lafayette avenue , Annapolis, MD

Lafayette Ave.

Baltimore, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

Fayette Street was first recorded on Baltimore city maps in 1792 and in 1857, Lafayette Square was created. The former Townsend Street was renamed Lafayette Avenue in 1869.

Fayette St.

– Lafayette Square

– Lafayette Ave.

Also Lafayette square (University of Maryland)

and Lafayette square (apartment) 

Brandywine, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

– General Lafayette Blvd.

Frederick, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick,_Maryland

– Lafayette St.

– Lafayette Rd.

Havre de Grace, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havre_de_Grace,_Maryland

– Lafayette St.

Laurel, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurel,_Maryland

– Lafayette Ave. 

Riverdale, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riverdale_Park,_Maryland

– Lafayette Ave.

Woodlawn, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodlawn,_Baltimore_County,_Maryland

– Lafayette Rd.

TOPIC IV (T4) INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …

Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …

Baltimore, MD

General Marquis de La Fayette

This portrait of Lafayette by an unknown American Artist hangs in the Museum of the Historical Society of Maryland in Baltimore.

TOPIC V (T5) LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE

THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their lives for their independence.

Between 1776 and 1783, France spent 1.3 billion French pounds. A huge debt for the time that drained the Treasure of the Kingdom.

Road markers, places, objects…

13_colonies Am revol

The 13 English colonies

The 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.

LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY  WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776

Lafayette as a Major General in the continental army

 

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779.
Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779

*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780

*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781

Berkley, Harford County. MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkley,_Maryland

1280px-Rigbie_House_2011

Lafayette MD - Mutiny of the troops 1781

This is the original Rigbie House, which still exists.

Rigbie House, also known as « Phillip’s Purchase », is a historic home located at Berkley, Harford County, Maryland. It was the place where the Marquis de Lafayette’s officers quelled a mutiny that might have prevented his army of New England troops, who had been headed homeward, from turning south again to join General Greene and General Washington at Yorktown, in which case that battle might never have been fought. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973

Baltimore, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

He made his first visit to the city in 1781 when he camped on what are today’s Cathedral grounds with his troops, who were marching south to Annapolis. It is reported that during a banquet given by Mrs. Davis Poe, he told his hostess it was difficult to enjoy the festivities while his men were ill-nourished and dressed in rags. It is said that Mrs. Poe recruited her friends and over the next few days produced many new uniforms while merchants donated quantities of flour, pork, and beef.

Annapolis, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapolis,_Maryland

Lafayette encampment  MD 1781

This site is just across Spa Creek from historic downtown Annapolis.

FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Louis XVI - King of France and Navare

Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre

1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents

1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777:  France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres tournois” (French pound) of aid.

1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents

1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)

*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA

TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)

Road markers, places, objects…

united_states_1783_1803

The United States 1783-1803

In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.

Baltimore, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

Lafayette returned to Baltimore for the second time,

Maryland’s legislature honored Lafayette by making him and his male heirs « natural born Citizens » of the state, which made him a natural born citizen of the United States after the 1789 ratification of the new national Constitution.

TOPIC VII (T7) LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)

Road markers, places, objects…

usa-map-1825

The United State in 1825

The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett
General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett 

Detailed Timeline

October 1824
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
•    October 6 – Wilmington/Delaware

(?) October 6-7, 1824

Port Deposit, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Deposit,_Maryland

Lafayette on his way to Baltimore made a stop here

18 S Main St - Google Maps - Google Chrome 2019-07-21 10_29_41 - Copy

Gerry House, today 18 Mains Street – Port Deposit, MD

Gerry House, Lafayette Marker 1824

« Built 1813, probably by Daniel Megredy. Lafayette was entertained here in 1824. Later owned by Cornelius Smith (1792-1858), farmer and philanthropist who financed road construction to create jobs for the unemployed and aided public education in Port Deposit. Smith willed house in 1858 to his stepgrandson, Lucius A. C. Gerry, who saw action in the Civil War as Artillery Officer in Capt. Alonzo Snow’s Battery B. »

Baltimore, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

October 7- 8 to October 11– Toured Baltimore and met with surviving officers and soldiers of the Revolution 

He arrived in Baltimore on Oct. 7, 1824, aboard the steamboat United States.

*The vessel was greeted by the sound of booming cannons at Fort McHenry https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_McHenry while a flotilla of gaily decorated vessels conveyed him up the Patapsco River.

Fort McHenry, and Patasco River MD

When Lafayette visited the fort he was greeted by Revolutionary officers and a detachment of infantry who opened their flanks to reveal George Washington’s tent.

*After a luncheon, Lafayette boarded an open carriage and commenced his triumphal entry into the city. Lafayette retired to the Fountain Inn, where he spent four days.

REFERENCE ONLY. Baltimore City Life Museum 5x7 inch Glass Negati
Fountain Inn 1776-1871. credit mc5915_ref-photoFountain inn Maryland Museum

*One visit took Lafayette to the University of Maryland University

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Maryland,_College_Park

Lafayette visit University of Maryland 18214

Lafayette received the first honorary doctorate from University of Maryland in 1824 in what was called Anatomical Hall.

(Now known as Davidge Hall at the University of Maryland Medical Center, it is the oldest building in the United States still used for medical education.)

Lafayette visited the fort in October 1824, he was greeted by Revolutionary officers and a detachment of infantry who opened their flanks to reveal George Washington’s tent.

•    October 12 – Arrives in the District of Columbia.
…/…
•    December 24 – Lafayette arrives at the « Jug Bridge » crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike east of Frederick MA.

1825

•    January 1 – Attends a banquet hosted by Congress Washington/D.C.
•    January 19 – Visits Baltimore and leaves January 20 on a steamboat bound for Norfolk, VA on his way to visit the legislature of Virginia at Richmond / Virginia
…/…

  • July 27 -1825 – Departs West Chester for Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
  • Late July – Departs Lancaster, PA for Baltimore, MD via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, MD. (Spends two days in Baltimore.)

Baltimore, MD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore

August 1825
•    Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia
September 1825
•    September 6 – Washington, D.C.
•    September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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