The state joined the union on April 28, 1788 – State No 07/13
in 1824,25, Lafayette again received honorary citizenship of Maryland
He was already considered as a « natural born » American citizen via his pre-Constitution Maryland citizenship.
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN MARYLAND
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
Equestrian statue of Lafayette in front of the Washington Monument,
Mount Vernon Place / South Garden. September 6, 1924, by Andrew O’Connor
Havre de Grace, MD
Statue of Lafayette on Union Avenue & Warren Street (1976)
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township … may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange « Home » of Lafayette
Havre de Grace, MD – a Town
La Grange / La Plata, MD
LaGrange / Cambridge, MD
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Annapolis, MD – Capital State
Baltimore, MD – Lafayette St.
Baltimore, MD – Lafayette Ave.
Brandywine, MD – General Lafayette Blvd.
Frederick, MD – Lafayette St.
Frederick, MD – Lafayette Rd.
Havre de Grace, MD – Lafayette St.
Laurel, MD – Lafayette Ave.
Riverdale, MD – Lafayette Ave.
Woodlawn, MD – Lafayette Rd.
TOPIC IV (T4) INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
General Marquis de La Fayette
This portrait of Lafayette by an unknown American Artist hangs in the Museum of the Historical Society of Maryland in Baltimore.
TOPIC V (T5) LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their live for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
The 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
Berkley, Harford County. MD
This is the original Rigbie House, which still exists.
Rigbie House, also known as « Phillip’s Purchase », is a historic home located at Berkley, Harford County, Maryland. It was the place where the Marquis de Lafayette’s officers quelled a mutiny that might have prevented his army of New England troops, who had been headed homeward, from turning south again to join General Greene and General Washington at Yorktown, in which case that battle might never have been fought. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
This site is just across Spa Creek from historic downtown Annapolis.
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States 1783-1803
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.
Maryland’s legislature honored Lafayette by making him and his male heirs « natural born Citizens » of the state, which made him a natural born citizen of the United States after the 1789 ratification of the new national Constitution.
TOPIC VII (T7) LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United State in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
• October 6 – Wilmington/Delaware
• October 12 –District of Columbia.
• October 15 –Arlington House, and Washington/D.C. at night
• October 17 – Mount Vernon/Virginia
• October 18–19 – Petersburg/Virginia, for visit to Yorktown/Virginia
• October 19–22 – Williamsburg/Virginia
• October 22 – Norfolk/Virginia, Portsmouth/Virginia.
• October – Richmond/Virginia,
• November 4 –Monticello/Virginia (former President Thomas Jefferson).
• November 8 – Charlottesville/Virginia
• Early December – Washington/D.C.
• December 15 – Washington/D.C.
• December 17 – Lafayette arrives Annapolis/Maryland at 3:00 pm, is received in the Senate chamber and visits Fort Severn. He attends a ball that night. He is formally received at the Senate house on December 20.
• December 24 – Lafayette arrives at the « Jug Bridge » crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike east of Frederick MA.
• January 1 – Attends a banquet hosted by Congress Washington/D.C.
• January 19 – Visits Baltimore and leaves January 20 on a steamboat bound for Norfolk, VA on his way to visit the legislature of Virginia at Richmond / Virginia
• January 31 – Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Perseverance Lodge #21)
• February 23 -Suffolk/Virginia and Halifax/North Carolina (sandy « Lower Road » from Richmond to Raleigh)
• February 25 -Lafayette granted Poulson’s Advertiser an interview.
• February 26—Murfreesboro/North Carolina (first overnight in NC)
• February 27 – Northampton/NC (now the town of Jackson) and Halifax NC
• February 28 – Enfield/North Carolina (brief stop at home of Joseph Branch and Tar River at the falls (now Rocky Mount). Night at Rogers Crossroads/NC
• March 1. Fayetteville/North Carolina
• March 2–3 – Raleigh, North Carolina
• March 15 -Charleston, South Carolina,
• March 18 – Beaufort, South Carolina, (John Mark Verdier House)
• March 19 –Savannah, Georgia.
• March 21 –Savannah, Georgia. (Johnson Square, memorial General Nathanael Greene)
• March 23 – Augusta/Georgia (up the Savannah River by steamboat)
• March 25 – Warrenton, Georgia (along the Milledgeville Stage Road)
• March 26 – Sparta, Georgia
• March 27 – Milledgeville, Georgia (capital of Georgia since 1804). Night at the Gachet house, Lamar County/Georgia.
• March 29 – Macon/Georgia (visits the Old Creek Indian agency in Crawford County, Georgia)
• March 30 – Night in a bark-covered log cabin (now in Chattahoochee County)
• March 31 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• May 22 –Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern
• May 24 – Wheeling/Virginia
• May 25 – Washington/Pennsylvania
- July 27 – Departs West Chester for Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
- Late July – Departs Lancaster, PA for Baltimore, Maryland, via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, Maryland. (Spends two days in Baltimore.)
• Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia
• September 6 – Washington, D.C.
• September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.