MARYLAND, MD

The state joined the union on April 28, 1788 – State No 07/13

Capital: Annapolis

in 1824,25, Lafayette again received honorary citizenship of Maryland

He was already considered as a « natural born » American citizen via his pre-Constitution Maryland citizenship.

Topics I et II usa-states-map - GC 01-01-2016
* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States □ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

TOPIC I (T1)OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN MARYLAND

Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…

Baltimore, MD

Equestrian statue of Lafayette in front of the Washington Monument,

Mount Vernon Place / South Garden. September 6, 1924, by Andrew O’Connor

Havre de Grace, MD

Statue of Lafayette on Union Avenue & Warren Street (1976)

TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…

Town, city, village, county, township … may refer or are named for

General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange « Home » of Lafayette

Havre de Grace, MD – a Town

La Grange / La Plata, MD

LaGrange / Cambridge, MD

TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…

Parks, places, sites …

Annapolis, MD – Capital State

Lafayette avenue , Annapolis, MD

Lafayette Ave.

Baltimore, MD – Lafayette St.

Baltimore, MD – Lafayette Ave.

Brandywine, MD – General Lafayette Blvd.

Frederick, MD – Lafayette St.

Frederick, MD – Lafayette Rd.

Havre de Grace, MD – Lafayette St.

Laurel, MD – Lafayette Ave. 

Riverdale, MD – Lafayette Ave.

Woodlawn, MD – Lafayette Rd.

TOPIC IV (T4) INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …

Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …

Baltimore, MD

General Marquis de La Fayette

This portrait of Lafayette by an unknown American Artist hangs in the Museum of the Historical Society of Maryland in Baltimore.

TOPIC V (T5) LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE

THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their live for their independence.

Road markers, places, objects…

13_colonies Am revol

The 13 English colonies

The 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.

LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY  WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776

Lafayette as a Major General in the continental army

 

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779.
Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779

*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780

*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781

Berkley, Harford County. MD

Rigbies House

Lafayette MD - Mutiny of the troops 1781

This is the original Rigbie House, which still exists.

Rigbie House, also known as « Phillip’s Purchase », is a historic home located at Berkley, Harford County, Maryland. It was the place where the Marquis de Lafayette’s officers quelled a mutiny that might have prevented his army of New England troops, who had been headed homeward, from turning south again to join General Greene and General Washington at Yorktown, in which case that battle might never have been fought. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973

Annapolis, MD

Lafayette encampment  MD 1781

This site is just across Spa Creek from historic downtown Annapolis.

FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Louis XVI - King of France and Navare

Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre

1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents

1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777:  France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.

1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents

1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)

*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA

TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)

Road markers, places, objects…

united_states_1783_1803

The United States 1783-1803

In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.

Maryland’s legislature honored Lafayette by making him and his male heirs « natural born Citizens » of the state, which made him a natural born citizen of the United States after the 1789 ratification of the new national Constitution.

TOPIC VII (T7) LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)

Road markers, places, objects…

usa-map-1825

The United State in 1825

The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett
General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett 

Detailed Timeline

October 1824
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
•    October 6 – Wilmington/Delaware
•    October 12 –District of Columbia.
•    October 15 –Arlington House, and Washington/D.C. at night
•    October 17 – Mount Vernon/Virginia
•    October 18–19 – Petersburg/Virginia, for visit to Yorktown/Virginia
•    October 19–22 – Williamsburg/Virginia
•    October 22 – Norfolk/Virginia, Portsmouth/Virginia.
•    October – Richmond/Virginia,
November 1824
•    November 4 –Monticello/Virginia (former President Thomas Jefferson).
•    November 8 – Charlottesville/Virginia
December 1824
•    Early December – Washington/D.C.
•    December 15 – Washington/D.C.

•    December 17 – Lafayette arrives Annapolis/Maryland at 3:00 pm, is received in the Senate chamber and visits Fort Severn. He attends a ball that night. He is formally received at the Senate house on December 20.
•    December 24 – Lafayette arrives at the « Jug Bridge » crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike east of Frederick MA.
1825
January 1825
•    January 1 – Attends a banquet hosted by Congress Washington/D.C.
•    January 19 – Visits Baltimore and leaves January 20 on a steamboat bound for Norfolk, VA on his way to visit the legislature of Virginia at Richmond / Virginia
•    January 31 – Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Perseverance Lodge #21)
February 1825
•    February 23 -Suffolk/Virginia and Halifax/North Carolina (sandy « Lower Road » from Richmond to Raleigh)
•    February 25 -Lafayette granted Poulson’s Advertiser an interview.
•    February 26—Murfreesboro/North Carolina (first overnight in NC)
•    February 27 – Northampton/NC (now the town of Jackson) and Halifax NC
•    February 28 – Enfield/North Carolina (brief stop at home of Joseph Branch and Tar River at the falls (now Rocky Mount). Night at Rogers Crossroads/NC
March 1825
•    March 1. Fayetteville/North Carolina
•    March 2–3 – Raleigh, North Carolina
•    March 15 -Charleston, South Carolina,
•    March 18 – Beaufort, South Carolina, (John Mark Verdier House)
•    March 19 –Savannah, Georgia.
•    March 21 –Savannah, Georgia. (Johnson Square, memorial General Nathanael Greene)
•    March 23 – Augusta/Georgia (up the Savannah River by steamboat)
•    March 25 – Warrenton, Georgia (along the Milledgeville Stage Road)
•    March 26 – Sparta, Georgia
•    March 27 – Milledgeville, Georgia (capital of Georgia since 1804). Night at the Gachet house, Lamar County/Georgia.
•    March 29 – Macon/Georgia (visits the Old Creek Indian agency in Crawford County, Georgia)
•    March 30 – Night in a bark-covered log cabin (now in Chattahoochee County)
•    March 31 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
•    …/…
•    May 22 –Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern
•    May 24 – Wheeling/Virginia
•    May 25 – Washington/Pennsylvania
…/…

  • July 27 – Departs West Chester for Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
  • Late July – Departs Lancaster, PA for Baltimore, Maryland, via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, Maryland. (Spends two days in Baltimore.)

Baltimore, MD

August 1825
•    Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia
September 1825
•    September 6 – Washington, D.C.
•    September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.

 

 

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