The state joined the union on December 18, 1787 – State No 03/13
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN NEW JERSEY
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
Marquis de La Fayette arriving from France with L’Hermione informing General George Washington and Colonel Alexander Hamilton that the French will support the American “Insurgents”. Sculpture installation located on the Morristown Green. Morristown has been called « the military capital of the American Revolution” because of its strategic role in the war for independence from Great Britain.
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange « Home » of Lafayette
Lafayette, NJ – Township
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Trenton, NJ – State Capital
West Lafayette St.
Audubon, NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Brigantine, NJ Lafayette Place
Cape May, NJ – Lafayette St.
Carneys Point, NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Carteret, NJ – Lafayette St.
Chatham, NJ – Lafayette Place
Denville, NJ – Lafayette Place
Edgewater Park, NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Edison NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Englewood, NJ – Lafayette Place
Fords, NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Hackettstown Town, NJ – Lafayette St.
Harrington Park, NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Hopewell, NJ – Lafayette St.
Jersey City, NJ – Lafayette St.
Kearny, NJ – Lafayette Place
Kenilworth, NJ – Lafayette Place
Linden, NJ – Lafayette St.
Metuchen, NJ – N. Lafayette Rd.
Newark, NJ – Lafayette St.
Paterson, NJ – Lafayette St.
Princeton, NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Rahway, NJ – Lafayette St.
Riverside, NJ – Lafayette St.
Rumson, NJ – Lafayette St.
Sparta, NJ – Lafayette Rd.
Waldwick, NJ – Lafayette Place
Wharton, NJ – Lafayette St.
Williamstown, NJ – Lafayette St.
Woodbridge, NJ – North Lafayette Rd.
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their life for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
The 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
Montclair, NJ – October 20, 1780
Surrounded by a short brick wall and wrought-iron fence, between a parking lot and a strip of shops at 547 Valley Road (next 551), is a portion of the doorstep to a house where General Lafayette stayed while planning a sneak attack in Montclair during the Revolutionary War. Nota There is Washington’s Headquarters Site Monument – Corner of Valley Rd. and Claremont Ave (Private Home)
Little Fall, NJ – 1780
(located about 3.5 miles from Montclair and 15 miles from New York City)
The Woods Road Lafayette marker is located next to a private house, 100 Woods Road Little Fall, NY. We can read on the marker:
WOODS ROAD Created 1780 by revolutionary war troops of General Lafayette while manning outposts to watch British troop movements
Oradel, NJ – August/ September 1780
SOLDIER HILL – Lafayette Encampment
574 Kinderkamack Rd. and Soldier Hill Road – Oradell NJ
The Continental (American) Army under George Washington was encamped in Bergen County from August 23 to September 20, 1780.
“The Continental Army advanced to Englewood on August 23, 1780, with some units foraging as far south as Jersey City. The main body of the army moved west of the Hackensack River on September 4th, camping in two lines west of Kinderkamack Road, one atop the ridge and one below. The camp extended from River Edge Road two miles north to the vicinity of Soldier Hill. The artillery park was near their center along Ridgewood Avenue. Light infantry was posted on the heights behind New Bridge in Van Saun Co. Park. Lafayette had his headquarters at the north end of the encampment, near this spot. The army departed on September 20, 1780. »
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.
TOPIC VII (T7)- LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
• July 13 – Lafayette leaves France.
• August 15 – Staten Island, NY.
• August 16 – New York City landing at Castle Garden.
• August 20 –New York City to Bridgeport, CT, (via Harlem, New Rochelle, Byram Bridge and Putnam Hill in Greenwich, Stamford, Norwalk, Saugatuck (Westport) and Fairfield)
(August 21–24 – New Haven, CT; Providence, RI; Stoughton, MA; and Boston, MA)
(September 4 – Hartford and Middletown, CT
• September 5 – New York City.
• September 11 –New York City
• September 16 -Poughkeepsie, NY
• September ?24?-Newburgh, NY
September 23, 24, 1824 Lafayette visited many places in NJ
On September 23, 1824, Lafayette visited Newark
where he was greeted with an elaborate reception. While in Newark, he was entertained at Elisha Boudinot’s home.
Elisha Boudinot / General Lafayette Marker Broad St. and Park Pl.
On this site stood the residence of Elisha Boudinot one of Newark’s most distinguished citizens, Eminent jurist, Member of Newark’s Committee of Correspondence, Patriot and personal friend of Washington.
Here on September 23, 1824, General Lafayette was entertained on his first visit to Newark. On the one-hundredth anniversary of this event, this tablet was erected by the Newark Chapter, New Jersey Society, Sons of the American Revolution.
(Elisha was the brother of Elias Boudinot, who served as the president of the Continental Congress from 1782 – 1783)
Marquis de La Fayette visited Caldwell, NJ in 1824, featuring a celebration party at the Crane Tavern.
Elisabeth Town, NJ
On September 23, 1824, Lafayette visited Elizabeth Town
« Jonathan Dayton, who had known Lafayette during the Revolutionary War, acted as Grand Marshal of the day, while Lafayette received a tour of the city and was honored throughout the day. After a day of honors and salutes, Lafayette spent the night at Boxwood Hall.”
In 1795 Elias Boudinot Brother of Elisha Boudinot sold Boxwood Hall to Jonathan Dayton, who lived here until his death on Oct. 9, 1824, less than three weeks after the visit from Lafayette. Since 2004 The State of New Jersey operates the house as a historic house museum.
Cross Keys Tavern
As part of this trip, Lafayette stopped at the Cross Keys Inn on September 24, 1824, while en route to Philadelphia.
Today 142 James St. (Private Home) the tavern was originally located at the corner of Main Street and Amboy Avenue.
September 28 –Philadelphia, PA. Heading to Delaware, DE
(May 25 – Washington, PA
• May 29 – Visits Braddock, PA
• May 30–31 –Pittsburgh, PA
• June 1 –Butler, PA
• June 4 – Buffalo, NY at Lafayette Square. (Lafayette follows Erie Canal from Buffalo, NY across New York State)
• June 7 – Rochester, NY.
July 14, 15, 1825 Lafayette visited many places in NJ
The inscription includes: In 1824, Lafayette revisited this grave, and turning away much affected, exclaimed, Ah, that was one of my Generals.
(George Washington and Lafayette both attended his funeral on September 1780)
Lafayette visit Hackensack, Paterson, and Morristown the same day.
Red Mill Site
On July 14, Lafayette stopped here on his way
(Marker is just inside of the small park that contains Easton Tower Red Mill site)
On July 14, 1825, Lafayette arrived at Morristown around 6 pm, where a parade of the Morris Brigade on the Green, the firing of cannon, and the ringing of church bells greeted his arrival. After a welcoming address by Dr. Lewis Condict of Morristown, and dining at the Ogden House (which no longer exists, but then stood at the corner of Market Street and the Green),
On July 14, Lafayette attends a banquet held in his honor at Sansay House.
Lafayette attended a ball in his honor at this house, which was then used as a dancing school by French dancing master Louis Sansay.
There is also a plaque on the house that was placed by the Town of Morristown that reads: Continental Army Encampments 1776 – 1782. Sansay House in which reception was given Lafayette on his return July 14, 1825
• July 15, 2015 – Lafayette is on his way to Springfield, NJ.
Lafayette attends a reception at Waverly House in then Bottle Hill, now Madison, NJ
• July 20 -Germantown and Chestnut Hill, PA
• July 25 –Wilmington, DE
• July 26 – Chester, PA, Brandywine Battlefield, PA and West Chester, PA
• July 27 – Lancaster, PA. Heading to Maryland State