The state joined the union on November 21, 1789 – State No 12/13
Capital : Raleigh, NC
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN NORTH CAROLINA
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
The monument is a statue of Marquis de La Fayette standing tall with a sword at his side and a scroll of paper in his outstretched hand. The monument stands in Cross Creek Park and is surrounded by a circle of greenery. Dedication Date April 9, 1983.
The town was incorporated in 1783 as Fayetteville in honor of the Marquis de La Fayette. It was the first city to be named in his honor in the United States. Lafayette visited the city on March 4 and 5, 1825, during his grand tour of the United States.
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange « Home » of Lafayette
Fayetteville, NC a city
La Grange, NC a Town in Lenoir County
La Grange, NC – Historic District
La Grange / Harris Crossroad, NC
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Raleigh, NC- State Capital
Lafayette Rd. (or Street)
Asheville, NC – Lafayette Ave.
Charlotte, NC- Lafayette Ave.
Clinton, NC – Lafayette St.
Elizabeth City, NC- Lafayette Ave.
Fuquay Varina, NC – Lafayette Rd.
Greensboro, NC – Lafayette Ave.
Grifton, NC – Lafayette Rd.
Hudson, NC – Lafayette Ave.
Lumberton NC – Lafayette St.
Rocky Mount, NC- Lafayette Ave.
Salisbury NC – Lafayette St.
Shelby, NC – Lafayette St.
Wilmington, NC – Lafayette St.
Winston-Salem, NC – Lafayette Ave.
Winterville, NC – Lafayette St.
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their life for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
The 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France Officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States 1783-1803
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.
TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
• October 6 – Wilmington, DE
• October 12 –District of Columbia.DC
• October 15 –Arlington House, and Washington, D.C. at night
• October 17 – Mount Vernon, VA
• October 18–19 – Petersburg, VA, for visit to Yorktown, VA
• October 19–22 – Williamsburg, VA
• October 22 – Norfolk, VA and Portsmouth, VA.
• October – Richmond, VA
• November 4 –Monticello, VA (former President Thomas Jefferson).
• November 8 – Charlottesville, VA
• Early December – Washington, D.C.
• December 15 – Washington, D.C.
• December 17 – Annapolis, MD (visits Fort Severn).
• December 24 – Frederick, MD. (« Jug Bridge » crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike).
• January 1 – Washington, D.C. (Congress)
• January 19 – Baltimore, MD to Norfolk, VA, and Richmond, VA
• January 31 – Harrisburg, PA (Perseverance Lodge #21)
February 23, 1825 – Lafayette set off on the southern leg of his tour. Because the route from Richmond, VA to Raleigh, NC was by carriage over poor roads, the traveling party was obliged to take the sandy « Lower Road » by Suffolk, VA, and Halifax, NC
• February 25 -Lafayette granted Poulson’s Advertiser an interview.
• February 26—Lafayette’s first overnight stop in NC was at the Indian Queen Inn in Murfreesboro, NC
First night in NC at the Indian Queen Inn
• February 27 – In the morning, Lafayette traveled about twenty miles to Northampton Court House (now the town of Jackson) where he met up with the official North Carolina greeting party and stayed at Eagle Tavern in Halifax, NC.
Lafayette met up with the official North Carolina greeting party and dine in Northampton Court House (now the town of Jackson)
In Halifax, NC Lafayette stayed at Eagle Tavern
• February 28 – The party traveled through Enfield, NC with a brief stop at the home of Joseph Branch and across the Tar River at the falls (the falls are at present day Rocky Mount). They spent the night at Col. Allen Rogers’s Tavern at Rogers Crossroads in eastern Wake County. They soon moved on to Raleigh, NC.
A brief stop at the home of Joseph Branch
Rocky Mount, NC
(The party across the Tar River at the « Falls » present day Rocky Mount).
They spent the night at Col. Allen Rogers’s Tavern at Rogers Crossroads in eastern Wake
Lafayette marker / Donaldson’s Tavern – Feb 28, 1825 – Rocky Mount NC – Battle Park, Civil War
• March 1. Lafayette and his entourage travel from Raleigh, NC to his namesake town Fayetteville, NC
(in front of Cumberland County Courthouse)
• March 2–3, 1825 – Stays in Raleigh, NC: Lafayette is reunited with Colonel William Polk who fought beside him at the Battle of Brandywine where both were wounded.
Raleigh, NC – State Capital
Lafayette is reunited with Colonel William Polk who fought beside him at the Battle of Brandywine where both were wounded.
• March 15 -Charleston, South Carolina,
• March 18 – Beaufort, South Carolina, (John Mark Verdier House)
• March 19 –Savannah, Georgia.
• March 21 –Savannah, Georgia. (Johnson Square, memorial General Nathanael Greene)
• March 23 – Augusta/Georgia (up to the Savannah River by steamboat)
• March 25 – Warrenton, Georgia (along the Milledgeville Stage Road)
• March 26 – Sparta, Georgia
• March 27 – Milledgeville, Georgia (capital of Georgia since 1804). Night at the Gachet house, Lamar County/Georgia.
• March 29 – Macon/Georgia (visits the Old Creek Indian agency in Crawford County, Georgia)
• March 30 – Night in a bark-covered log cabin (now in Chattahoochee County)
• March 31 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• May 22 –Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern
• May 24 – Wheeling/Virginia
• May 25 – Washington/Pennsylvania
• Late July –Baltimore/Maryland, via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, Maryland. Spends two days in Baltimore.
• Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia
• September 6 – Washington, D.C.
• September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.