KENTUCKY, KY (15)

The state joined the union on June 1, 1792 – State N0 15/24

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kentucky

Capital: Frankfort, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfort,_Kentucky

Topics I et II usa-states-map - GC 01-01-2016
* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States □ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN KENTUCKY

Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…

(No outdoor sculptures found)

TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…

Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for

General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange, « Home » of Lafayette

 LaFayette, KY 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaFayette,_Kentucky

– a town

Fayette County, KY 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayette_County,_Kentucky

–  (formerly in Virginia)

La Grange, KY – a City in Oldham County

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Grange,_Kentucky

TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…

Parks, places, sites …

Frankfort, KY – State Capital

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfort,_Kentucky

Lafayette Dr. Frankfort, KY

lafayette-drive-capitol-franckfort.png

Lafayette Dr. and view of the Capitol

Beaver Dam, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beaver_Dam,_Kentucky

– Lafayette St.

Bellevue, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bellevue,_Kentucky

– Lafayette Ave.

Brandenburg, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brandenburg,_Kentucky

– Lafayette St.

Cadiz, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadiz,_Kentucky

– Lafayette St.

Hopkinsville, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopkinsville,_Kentucky

– Lafayette Rd.

Lexington, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexington,_Kentucky

– Lafayette Ave.

-Lafayette Senior High School

Maysville, KY

Lafayette Dr. Maysville KY

Lafayette dr.

TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …

Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …

Thomas D. Clark Center for Kentucky History /100 W Broadway St, Frankfort, KY

Headquarters for the Kentucky Historical Society KHS

Marquis de Lafayette1825. painting by Harris Matthew. Kentucky Historical Society Collections, 1909
Marquis de Lafayette. 1825. Painting by Harris Matthew. Kentucky Historical Society Collections, 1909.4.

TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE

THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF AMERICAN REVOLUTION (1765-1783)

They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their lives for their independence.

Between 1776 and 1783, France spent 1.3 billion French pounds. A huge debt for the time that drained the Treasure of the Kingdom.

Road markers, places, objects…

13_colonies Am revol

The 13 English colonies

LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY  WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776

Lafayette as a Major General in the continental army

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779.
Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779

*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780

*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781

FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Louis XVI - King of France and Navare

Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre

1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents

1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777:  France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million French pounds “livres tournois” of aid.

1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents

1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)

*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA

(No involvement. The State did  not exist in 1765/1783)

Go to the 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.

TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)

Road markers, places, objects…

united_states_1783_1803

The United States 1783-1803

(No visit. The State did not exist in 1784)

In 1784, Lafayette visited all the 13 States of America except Georgia, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome.

Go to the States visited: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North today Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia).

TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)

Road markers, places, objects…

usa-map-1825

The United States in 1825

The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett
General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett

Detailed Timeline

Arriving from Chattahoochee County now in GA
March 31, 1825  – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
April 1825
•    April 3 – Montgomery/Alabama
•    April 4–6 – boards two boats, the Balize, and the Henderson, over the Alabama River (Selma, Cahaba, meet the French Vine and Olive refugee colony (now Demopolis). A brief stop in Claiborne.
•    April 7 – Mobile/Alabama
•    April 8 – boards steamboat down Mobile Bay to Mobile Point/Alabama and the original steamer Natchez (built in 1823) to New Orleans/Louisiana
•    April 11 – Chalmette/Louisiana. New Orleans lodges in the Cabildo
•    April 15 – On the steamer Natchez up the Mississippi River towards Baton Rouge/Louisiana
•    April 16 – Brief stop Duncan’s Point, and Baton Rouge for a reception.
•    April 18 – Natchez/Mississippi.
•    April 28 – Carondelet/Missouri.
•    April 29 – Louis/Missouri.
•    April 30 – Kaskaskia, Illinois, (once the French capital of Upper Louisiana).
May 1825
•    May 4 – Nashville/Tennessee.
•    May 8–9 – The steamboat Mechanic, conveying Lafayette to Louisville/Kentucky, sinks on Ohio. All passengers reach shore safely, but Lafayette loses property and money.
May 8, The Marquis de La Fayette and his party spend the night on shore in Cannelton /Indiana and is picked up the following day by the passing steamboat Paragon.

•    May 10 – Lafayette arrives in Portland / Louisville,  KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portland,_Louisville

…/… (See Indiana page)

May 11 – General Lafayette and his party cross the Ohio River on the General Piketo from Louisville to spend a day in Jeffersonville, IN. guests of the Indiana Governor. He returns to Louisville that evening.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeffersonville,_Indiana

…/…

•    May 12–13 – Lafayette stays in Louisville/Kentucky

Louisville- KY- (May 11,12.13, 1825 )

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisville,_Kentucky

*May 12, 1825  – A crowd of 10,000 greeted the Marquis de La Fayette in Louisville. This evening, he will meet with Masons of Louisville’s two lodges, Clark Lodge and Abraham Lodge, at the Clark Lodge. Later still, there is a grand ball.

*May 13, 1825 – The Marquis de La Fayette and party left, embarking on a tour of central Kentucky. They journey down the Old State Pike to Shelbyville for the night.

Shelbyville, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shelbyville,_Kentucky

Marquis de La Fayette stays the night

•    May 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21: From Frankfort, KY to Maysville KY

May 14, Frankfort, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfort,_Kentucky

Old Governor's Mansion Franckfort KY

The Old Governor’s Mansion, also known as Lieutenant Governor’s Mansion, is located at 420 High Street, Frankfort, Kentucky. It is reputed to be the oldest official executive residence officially still in use in the United States, as the mansion is the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky

The Mansion was often referred to as the « Palace » in its early days. Dignitaries including Theodore Roosevelt, Andrew Jackson, Louis-Philippe of France, Henry Clay, William Jennings Bryan, and the Marquis de Lafayette have been guests of the Mansion. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971 (source Wikipedia)

Franckfort, KY Lafayette marker - May 1825

May 1825- Marquis de La Fayette attends dinner and a ball.

May 14, Keeneland, KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keeneland

Keeneland KY - lafayette marker may 1825

Here on May 14, 1825,  General LaFayette was entertained by Major John Keene who had served as his aide-de-camp during the Revolutionary War.

•    May 15 – Spent the night at the home of Major John Keene, five miles from Lexington/Kentucky.

•    May 16–17 –Attends a military parade and speaks at Transylvania University and the **Lexington Female Academy in Lexington /KY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexington,_Kentucky

**Lexington Female Academy in Lexington

Lafayette stops by for a tribute on the afternoon of May 16, 1825. He arrived with a military escort and the governors of Kentucky and Tennessee in tow. Col. Josiah Dunham’s Lexington Female Academy pupils sang patriotic songs and recited a verse in both English and French.

In honor of the general’s visit, Dunham had renamed his school Lafayette Female Academy. Enrollment grew and the building’s rear wing was added about 1830.

Lafayette academy Lexington, KY

The 195-year-old school building home of the ancient “Lafayette Academy”  today at 333 South Upper Street has been renovated (2012) into five rental apartments and a home for the building’s owner, real estate investor Allen Schubert.

•    May 18 –Arrives at Georgetown/Kentucky.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgetown,_Kentucky

Marquis de La Fayette arrives and stays the night

…/… (see Ohio Page)

•   May 19, 1825 –  Marquis de La Fayette arrives in Cincinnati, OH

•  May 20, 1825 – Cincinnati, OH. Midnight. The Marquis de La Fayette boards steamer, for upriver trip to West Virginia.

…/…

•    May 21 –Lafayette is back in Kentucky in Maysville/Kentucky.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maysville,_Kentucky

On his way to Gallipolis, OH and Wheeling, WV  the Marquis de La Fayette visit the town for several hours in the afternoon.

View_of_Maysville,_Kentucky_in_1821
Maysville in 1821

 

On the floodwall from the Lee House (top left) to the bridge are different murals with a specific theme. One is for Lafayette (below) providing a way to showcase the history of the town, the river, and beautify the floodwall.

Maysville KY, flood wall mural lafayette

 

…/… (see Ohio page and West Virginia Page)

•    May 22  The Marquis de La Fayette passes out of Kentucky territorial waters. Heading to Gallipolis/Ohio and visits the historic Our House Tavern

•    May 24 – Visits Wheeling, Virginia now in West Virginia.

 

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