INDIANA, IN (19)

The state joined the union on December 11, 1816 – State N0 19/24

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiana

Capital: Indianapolis, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indianapolis

 

Topics I et II usa-states-map - GC 01-01-2016
* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States □ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN INDIANA

Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…

LaFayette, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette,_Indiana

The northeast corner of the Tippecanoe County Courthouse in Lafayette, Indiana, with the fountain and statue of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette in the foreground

 Lafayette Fountain

By  Lorado Taft (1887. This was the first of many fountains Taft would execute with the replica of the statue of Marquis de La Fayette, by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (Union Square NY)

TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…

Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for

General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange,  « Home » of Lafayette

Lafayette, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette,_Indiana

– a City

Lafayette Township, IN – Allen County

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette_Township,_Allen_County,_Indiana

Lafayette Township, IN –  Floyd County

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette_Township,_Floyd_County,_Indiana

Lafayette Township, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette_Township,_Madison_County,_Indiana

– Madison County

Lafayette Township, IN – Owen County

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette_Township,_Owen_County,_Indiana

West Lafayette, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Lafayette,_Indiana

– part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area

Fayette, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayette,_Indiana

– a community in Perry Township, Boone County

Fayette County, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayette_County,_Indiana

Fayette Township, IN – Vigo County

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayette_Township,_Vigo_County,_Indiana

LaGrange, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaGrange,_Indiana

Lagrange County, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaGrange_County,_Indiana

Lafayette Square Mall Indianapolis, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafayette_Square_Mall

TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…

Parks, places, sites …

Indianapolis, IN – State Capital

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indianapolis

Lafayette Road Indianapolis, IN

Lafayette Rd

Crawfordsville, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crawfordsville,_Indiana

– Lafayette Rd

TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …

Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …

(No information found)

TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE

THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION (1765-1783)

They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their lives for their independence.

Between 1776 and 1783, France spent 1.3 billion French pounds. A huge debt for the time that drained the Treasure of the Kingdom.

Road markers, places, objects…

13_colonies Am revol

The 13 English colonies

LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY  WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776

Lafayette as a Major General in the continental army

Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779.
Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

* Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779

*Lafayette back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780

*Lafayette second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781

FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Louis XVI - King of France and Navare

Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre

1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents

1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777:  France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres tournois” (French pound) of aid.

1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents

1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)

*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA

(No involvement. The State did not exist in 1765-1783)

Go to the 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.

TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)

Road markers, places, objects…

united_states_1783_1803

The United States, 1783-1803

(No visit. The State did not exist in 1784)

In 1784, Lafayette visited all the 13 States of America except Georgia, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome.

Go to the States visited: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North today Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia).

TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)

Road markers, places, objects…

usa-map-1825

The United States in 1825

The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett
General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett

 

Detailed Timeline

Arriving from Chattahoochee County now in GA
March 31, 1825  – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
April 1825
•    April 3 – Montgomery/Alabama
•    April 4–6 – boards two boats, the Balize, and the Henderson, over the Alabama River (Selma, Cahaba, meet the French Vine and Olive refugee colony (now Demopolis). A brief stop in Claiborne.
•    April 7 – Mobile/Alabama
•    April 8 – boards steamboat down Mobile Bay to Mobile Point/Alabama and the original steamer Natchez (built in 1823) to New Orleans/Louisiana
•    April 11 – Chalmette/Louisiana. New Orleans lodges in the Cabildo
•    April 15 – On the steamer Natchez up the Mississippi River towards Baton Rouge/Louisiana
•    April 16 – Brief stop Duncan’s Point, and Baton Rouge for a reception.
•    April 18 – Natchez/Mississippi.
•    April 28 – Carondelet/Missouri.
•    April 29 – Louis/Missouri.
•    April 30 – Kaskaskia, Illinois, (once the French capital of Upper Louisiana).
May 1825
•    May 4 – Nashville/Tennessee.

•    May 8–9 – The steamboat Mechanic, conveying Lafayette to Louisville/Kentucky, sinks on Ohio. All passengers reach shore safely, but Lafayette loses property and money. The party departed the following day on a passing steamboat Paragon.

Cannelton, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indianapolis

Lafayette Spring, IN

I- Lafayette spring Cannelton IN 1

 

Lafayette spring Cannelton IN 2 Lafayette Spring Cannelton, IN 3

Marker reads: Lafayette Spring – « Lafayette and his party spent the night in this community after the steamer mechanic sank in the Ohio River may 9,1825. Pioneers came from miles around to visit him at this spring before he departed the following day on a passing steamer. »From this historic spot Lafayette spring chapter, d.a.r., takes its name / Erected by Lafayette spring chapter, d.a.r. 1958

•    May 11 –From Louisville/Kentucky, Lafayette crosses the Ohio River to spend a day in Jeffersonville/ Indiana.  He returns to Louisville that evening.

Jeffersonville, IN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeffersonville,_Indiana

 

Thomas_Posey Jeffersonville residence

Source: Conquest of the Northwest, Bobbs Merrill, Indianapolis, 1895. Reprinted in Baird’s History of Clark County, Indiana, Indianapolis, Ind.: B.F. Bowen, 1909, page 66.  Author William English

The Posey’s mansion hosted Lafayette in 1825.

Governor Thomas Posey (July 9, 1750 – March 19, 1818) was an officer in the American Revolution, a general during peacetime, the third Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky, a Louisiana Senator and Governor of the Indiana Territory. He chose Jeffersonville as his home for his term from 1813-1816.  The mansion hosted Lafayette who visited him in 1825. Fire destroyed the mansion in 1845.

His mansion occupied the west corner of Front (now Riverside Drive) and Fort Streets.

Source: Conquest of the Northwest, Bobbs Merrill, Indianapolis, 1895. Reprinted in Baird’s History of Clark County, Indiana, Indianapolis, Ind.: B.F. Bowen, 1909, page 66. Author         William English

fort-st-ohio-river-scenic-byway-google-maps-google-chrome-2019-06-03-15_16_32.png

fort-st-ohio-river-scenic-byway-google-maps-google-chrome-2019-06-03-15_19_47.png

Riverside drive corner Fort street, « Old Jeffersonville Historic District », today!

•    May 12–13 – Lafayette stays in Louisville/Kentucky
•    May 14 – Attends dinner and a ball in Frankfort/Kentucky.
•    May 15 – Spent the night at the home of Major John Keene, five miles from Lexington/Kentucky.
•    May 16–17 –Attends a military parade and speaks at Transylvania University and the Lexington Female Academy in Lexington /Kentucky
•    May 18 –Arrives at Georgetown/Kentucky.
•    May 19–20 – Cincinnati/Ohio.
•    May 21 –Maysville/Kentucky.
•    May 22  Heading to Gallipolis/Ohio and visits the historic « Our House Tavern »