The state joined the union on June 21, 1788 – State No 09/13
In May 1955, the New Hampshire General Court passed legislation (Chapter 4:13-b) proclaiming May 20th as General Marquis de Lafayette Day, in honor of this proud patriot who had come from France to volunteer in the American struggle for Independence. May 20, 1834, was the date of Lafayette’s death.
(Only 3 US States have a « Lafayette Day » – New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Virginia)
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN NEW HAMPSHIRE
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
(No outdoor sculptures found)
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township… Historic, natural sites…may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange, « Home » of Lafayette
Mount Lafayette, NH
Mount Lafayette named for Lafayette after his visit in 1825
Left to right: Eagle Lake, Mt. Lafayette and the Franconia Ridge as viewed from the Greenleaf Hut
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Concord, NH – State Capital
(No street named for Lafayette found)
Claremont, Lafayette St.
Laconia, Lafayette St.
Lebanon, Lafayette St.
Manchester, Lafayette St.
Portsmouth, Lafayette Rd.
Rochester, Lafayette St.
Seabrook, Lafayette Rd.
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their life for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
The 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
*Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States 1783-1803
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the states except Georgia.
TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United State in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
Lafayette visited New England: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine, New Hampshire, NH Vermont, VT and Connecticut, CT twice, spending a month all told in the region.
The First New England Visit (From August 20 to September 04, 1824)
From August 21 to August 24. Heading north from Staten Island, NY he stopped briefly in New Haven, CT, Providence, R.I., Stoughton, MA, and Boston, MA.
On August 25 Lafayette arrived in Cambridge, MA
On August 26 he stopped in five Massachusetts cities and towns: Lexington, Concord, Salem, Marblehead, and Newburyport and settled into the Boston area until August 31. (During that time he visited former President John Adams in Quincy, MA)
On September 1, he visited Portsmouth, N.H, then headed south again to Boston, MA and Lexington, MA.
On Sept. 3. Worcester, MA, and Tolland, CT were on his agenda
On Sept. 4, Hartford and Middletown, CT was on his agenda
He then visited familiar places: Philadelphia, Delaware, Virginia. He spent some time in the new capital, Washington, D.C. then south to Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia. He turned west to see the new states of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, then up the Mississippi River in a steamboat to Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Then he traveled back through Pennsylvania to New York, where he saw Niagara Falls and went to Albany by way of the Erie Canal. From Albany, he traveled straight to Boston.
Second New England Visit (From June 17 to June 29, 1825)
On June 17, 1825, Lafayette began his second New England tour by laying the cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument – Boston Mass
On June 22, He spent the night in Dover, N.H.
The William Hale’s Mansion known as « Lafayette House »
Toward the end of General Lafayette’s year-long triumphal tour of the United States, he also visited Dover. Following a ceremonial dinner at the town hall, he attended a party at William Hale’s mansion. That night – June 23, 1825 – the aged French aristocrat and the thriving American entrepreneur both slept in the large guest chamber on the second floor. It is from this celebrated visit that the mansion of William Hale became commonly known as « the Lafayette house ».
(When William Hale died, ownership of the house passed to his daughter, Lydia R. Hale, and upon her death,
to Sarah Low, her niece, and Hale’s granddaughter. http://stdover.org/history.html)
That night, a delegation of citizens from South Berwick, Maine, invited him to breakfast. He accepted. Then he visited Biddeford and Portland. Maine
- June 23 – Lafayette crosses into Maine at 8AM via South Berwick, Maine and spent the day in Saco, Maine and Biddeford, Maine.
- June 24 Lafayette stops in Scarborough, Maine at 7AM and then at 9AM was welcomed at Portland, Maine by Maine governor Albion Parris, Bowdoin College President William Henry Allen, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s father Stephen Longfellow.
On Sunday, June 27, Lafayette leaves Portland early in the morning, passes through Saco and Biddeford, and arrives in Concord, New Hampshire and that same day arrives late (~10 p.m.) in Claremont, New Hampshire.
He passed this spot on June 23 (?), 1825, traveling between Concord and Dover.
Description: Upon the invitation of President Monroe, issued at the request of the Congress Marquis de La Fayette, Revolutionary War Hero, revisited the United States for a goodwill tour which included an extensive visit to New Hampshire towns.
June 22 (?), 1825: General Lafayette held an address to a joint session of the New Hampshire General Court. The following day, an elm tree, symbol of Liberty, was planted on the spot where General Lafayette had been seated. This tree survived 130 years.
On Wednesday, May 19th, 2010: To celebrate the 185th anniversary of French General Lafayette’s visit to Concord, a commemoration ceremony has been held in Concord, NH
This Wednesday, May 19, Count Gilbert de Pusy La Fayette a descendant of General Marquis de Lafayette, the Consul General of France in Boston, Hon. Christophe Guilhou, and the Governor of New Hampshire, Hon. John Lynch planted a new elm tree outside the Statehouse. (Credit: Staff photo Don Himsel)
New « Lafayette Liberty Elm » Planted May 19, 2010
« The world should never forget the spot where once stood the Liberty Tree, so famous in your annals. » General Lafayette (June 1825)
On June 27, he arrived late at night in Claremont, N.H. Early the next day, he crossed over the Cornish Bridge to Vermont
Lafayette Tour in New Hampshire 1825 – From New Hampshire to Vermont
The Lafayette coach
In advance of an exhibition on a French aristocrat and military leader, Marquis de Lafayette, exhibit technicians at the New-York Historical Society prepare the carriage he rode from New Hampshire to Vermont in 1825.
On June 28, Early in the day, he crossed over the Cornish Bridge to Vermont, passing through Woodstock late in the morning, then took a stagecoach over the mountains to Barnard and Royalton, Randolph and Barre. He spends the night in Montpelier at The Pavilion.
On Wednesday, June 29, 1825, he left Montpelier for Burlington, his last stop in New England.
On June 29, 1825, he traveled overnight south on Lake Champlain past Mount Independence on the steamboat Phoenix II and arrived Whitehall, New York June 30, 1825