The state joined the union on August 10, 1821 – State N0 24/24
Capital: Jefferson City
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN MISSOURI
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
(No outdoor sculptures found)
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange, “Home” of Lafayette.
La Grange, MO – a City in Lewis County
Lafayette County, MO
Lafayette, MO – Township, Clinton County
Lafayette, M0 – Township, St. Louis County
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Jefferson City, MO – State Capital
Saint Louis, MO
-Lafayette Square and Lafayette Park
-Lafayette Park entrance
Cullen, MO – Lafayette Rd.
Florissant MO – Lafayette St.
Lexington, MO – Lafayette St.
Neosho, MO – Lafayette St.
Saint Joseph, MO
– Lafayette St.
– Lafayette High School
Springfield, MO – Lafayette St.
Washington, MO ¬ – Lafayette St.
Waynesville, MO – Lafayette Rd.
Wildwood, MO – Lafayette High and Sr. School
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION (1765-1783)
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their life for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
* Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
* Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
* Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
(No involvement. The state did not exist in 1765-1783)
Go to the 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States 1783-1803
(No visit. The state did not exist in 1784)
In 1784, Lafayette visited all the 13 States of America except Georgia, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome.
Go to the States visited: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North today Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia).
TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
Arriving from Chattahoochee County now in GA
March 31, 1825 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell.
Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• April 3 – Montgomery/Alabama
• April 4–6 – boards two boats, the Balize, and the Henderson, over the Alabama River (Selma, Cahaba, meet the French Vine and Olive refugee colony (now Demopolis). A brief stop in Claiborne.
• April 7 – Mobile/Alabama
• April 8 – boards steamboat down Mobile Bay to Mobile Point/Alabama and the original steamer Natchez (built in 1823) to New Orleans/Louisiana
• April 11 – Chalmette/Louisiana. New Orleans lodges in the Cabildo
• April 15 – On the steamer Natchez up the Mississippi River towards Baton Rouge/Louisiana
• April 16 – Brief stop Duncan’s Point, and Baton Rouge for a reception.
• April 18 – Stop at Natchez/Mississippi.
• April 28 – Natchez ties up for the evening at Carondelet/Missouri.
We can read on the text of The Carondelet Park Historical Marker :
1825 – On his triumphal return visit to our Country, Lafayette stopped here.
Carondelet is now a neighborhood in the extreme southeastern portion of St. Louis, annexed by the City in 1870.
• April 29 – Visits St. Louis/Missouri.
St. Louis, MO
The reception was held at the « most handsome and costliest house in the city, » the residence of Pierre Chouteau. The multitude gathered in the court was proud to receive a touch of the hand of Lafayette as they passed him in line. Among them was Alexandre Bellisime who came from France and fight under Lafayette in the Revolution. It is said that Lafayette embraced him warmly.
Chouteau Brothers Mansion at the time
• April 30 – Kaskaskia, Illinois, (once the French capital of Upper Louisiana).
• May 4 – Nashville/Tennessee.
• May 8–9 – The steamboat Mechanic, conveying Lafayette to Louisville/Kentucky, sinks on Ohio. New steamboat Paragon.
• May 11 –Louisville/Kentucky. Jeffersonville/ Indiana. (Lafayette crosses the Ohio River from Louisville to spend a day He returns to Louisville that evening)
• May 12–13 – Louisville/Kentucky
• May 14 – Frankfort/Kentucky.
• May 15 – Lexington/Kentucky.
• May 16–17 – Lexington/Kentucky
• May 18 –Georgetown/Kentucky.
• May 19–20 – Cincinnati/Ohio.
• May 21 –Maysville/Kentucky. Heading to Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern.