CONNECTICUT, CT (05)

The state joined the union on January 9, 1788 – State No 05/13

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connecticut

Capital: Hartford, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hartford,_Connecticut

 

Topics I et II usa-states-map - GC 01-01-2016
* TOPIC I: 23 Lafayette outdoor sculptures, statues, busts… in 16 States □ TOPIC II: Around 100 Towns, Counties, Places named for Lafayette in 38 States Synthesis realized by Gérard Charpentier 01-01-2016

(click on the map to enlarge)

TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN CONNECTICUT

(Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…)

Hartford, CT – State capital

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hartford,_Connecticut

Equestrian statue of Lafayette by Paul Wayland Bartlett. Dedication: September 21, 1957. Washington Street in Hartford. As it took a long time for the city to mount the statue on a pedestal, Paul Bartlett added a small turtle to express his frustration.

(The original of this statue stands in Paris. A gift to France from the school children of the United States.)

On a plaque on the east side of the base is inscribed:

Hartford, CT plauque statue lafayette

“to the Marquis de Lafayette born September 6, 1757, died May 20, 1834 a true friend of liberty, who served as a major general in the continental army with « all possible zeal, without any special pay or allowances » until the American colonists secured their freedom, and whose frequent visits to this state as aide to Washington as liaison officer with supporting French troops, and in the pursuit of freedom, are gratefully remembered.” (This plaque is dedicated by the Connecticut Lafayette bicentennial committee in the bicentennial year of the birth of this great Frenchman September 21, 1957)

TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…

Town, city, village, county, township … Historic, natural sites… may refer or are named

for General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange “Home” of Lafayette.

(No Places named for Lafayette or La Grange found)

TOPIC III (T3) –  STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…

(Parks, Places, sites …)

Hartford, CT – State Capital

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hartford,_Connecticut

Lafayette Street Hartford, CT

Lafayette Street

East Hartford, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Hartford,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Avenue

Bridgeport, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridgeport,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Blvd

– Lafayette Street

Greenwich, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenwich,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Place

Marlborough, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marlborough,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Rd

Milford, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milford,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Street

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Haven,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Street

Norwich, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwich,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Street

Ridgefield, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ridgefield,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Ave

Stamford, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Street

Torrington, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torrington,_Connecticut

– Lafayette Street

Vernon, CT 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vernon,_Connecticut

– Lafayette St.

TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …

Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …

(No information found)

TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE

THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)

Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their lives for their independence.

Between 1776 and 1783, France spent 1.3 billion French pounds. A huge debt for the time that drained the Treasure of the Kingdom.

Road markers, places, objects…

13_colonies Am revol

The 13 English colonies or states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.

LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY  WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776

Lafayette as a Major General in the continental army

The Marquis de Lafayette as a Major General of Continental Army in 1779. Portrait by Charles Willson Peale

*Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779

East Haven, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Haven,_Connecticut

East Haven town green Lafayette marker july 1778

A marble stone with a bronze marker on the East Haven Town Green to commemorate the encampment of the Marquis de Lafayette in July 1778

Marquis de Lafayette (1757 – 1834): General in the Continental Army Camped Here With 2800 Troops Enroute to Rhode Island July 26 and 27, 1778 (Dedicated here by CT Society Sons of the American Revolution General David Humphries Branch and The East Haven Historical Society 1996)

*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780

* Lafayette: Second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781

FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Louis XVI - King of France and Navare

Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre

1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents

1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777:  France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million French pounds “livres tournois” of aid.

1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents

1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)

*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown

TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)

Road markers, places, objects…

united_states_1783_1803

The United States in 1783-1803

In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.

 Connecticut granted Marquis de Lafayette citizenship

TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)

Road markers, places, objects…

usa-map-1825

The United States in 1825

The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.

General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett
General Lafayette in 1825 by Matthew Harris Jouett

Detailed Timeline

Lafayette visited New England: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Connecticut twice, spending a month all told in the region.

The First New England Visit

(From August 20 to September 18, 1824)

•   August 20, Heading north from Staten Island, NYC to Bridgeport, CT  via (Harlem NYC, New Rochelle, NY  and in Connecticut Greenwich (Byram Bridge and Putnam Hill), Standford, Norwalk, Saugatuck (Westport), and Fairfield)

Bridgeport, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridgeport,_Connecticut

•    From August 21 to August 24. Heading north from Bridgeport, CT he stopped briefly in New Haven, CTon his way to Providence, RI Stoughton, MA and Boston, MA.

New Haven, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Haven,_Connecticut

On August 25, 1824, He arrived in Cambridge, MA.

…/..

On August 26 he stopped in five Massachusetts cities and towns:  Lexington, Concord, Salem, Marblehead, and Newburyport and settled into the Boston area until August 31. (During that time he visited former President John Adams in Quincy, MA)

On September 1, he visited Portsmouth, N.H., then headed south again to Boston and Lexington.

On Sept. 3. Worcester, MA, and Tolland, CT, were on his agenda

Tolland, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tolland,_Connecticut

From Sept. 4 to Sept 18,  Hartford and Middletown, CT was on his agenda

Hartford, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hartford,_Connecticut

Middletown, CT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middletown,_Connecticut

I-Middletown CT 

On September 18, 1824, Marquis de La Fayette and his son George Washington Lafayette visited Middletown.

They Traveled in barouche pulled by four white horses and rode up to Washington Street, High Street, and Church Street. A meeting with Commodore Thomas Mcdonough was followed by a reception at the Washington Hotel.
Picture: Except for the telephone poles and trolley, Main Street looked like this in 1824, and the Hotel was to the right side of the trolley car in this picture.

He then visited familiar places:  Philadelphia, Delaware, Virginia. He spent some time in the new capital, Washington, D.C. then south to Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia. He turned west to see the new states of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, then up the Mississippi River in a steamboat to Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Then he traveled back through Pennsylvania to New York, where he saw Niagara Falls and went to Albany by way of the Erie Canal. From Albany, he traveled straight to Boston.

Second New England Visit  (From June 17 to June 29, 1825)

On June 17, 1825, Lafayette began his second New England tour by laying the cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument at Charlestown/Boston, MA

On June 23, He spent the night in Dover, N.H. That night, a delegation of citizens from South Berwick, ME, invited him to breakfast. He accepted. Then he visited Biddeford and Portland, ME

On June 27, he arrived late at night in Claremont, N.H.

On June 28, Early in the day, he crossed over the Cornish Bridge to Vermont, passing through Woodstock, VT late in the morning, then took a stagecoach over the mountains to Barnard and Royalton, Randolph and Barre in Vermont.

He spends the night in Montpelier, State capital of Vermont at The Pavilion.

On Wednesday, June 29, 1825, he left Montpelier, VT for Burlington, VT, his last stop in New England.

On June 29, 1825, he traveled overnight south on Lake Champlain past Mount Independence, VT on the steamboat Phoenix II and arrived Whitehall, NY June 30, 1825.