State joined the union on April 28, 1788 – State No 07/13
in 1824,25, Lafayette again received honorary citizenship of Maryland
He was already a « natural born » American citizen via his pre-Constitution Maryland citizenship
(click on the map to enlarge)
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN MARYLAND
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
(Baltimore, Havre de Grace)
Equestrian statue of Lafayette in front of the Washington Monument,
Mount Vernon Place / South Garden. September 6, 1924, by Andrew O’Connor
Havre de Grace, MD
Statue of Lafayette on Union Avenue & Warren Street (1976)
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township … may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, or La Grange « Home » of Lafayette
Havre de Grace, MD – a Town
La Grange / La Plata, MD
LaGrange / Cambridge, MD
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Annapolis, MD – Capital State
Baltimore, MD – Lafayette St.
Baltimore, MD – Lafayette Ave.
Brandywine, MD – General Lafayette Blvd.
Frederick, MD – Lafayette St.
Frederick, MD – Lafayette Rd.
Havre de Grace, MD – Lafayette St.
Laurel, MD – Lafayette Ave.
Riverdale, MD – Lafayette Ave.
Woodlawn, MD – Lafayette Rd.
TOPIC IV (T4) INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
This portrait of Lafayette by an unknown American Artist hangs in the Museum of the Historical Society of Maryland in Baltimore.
TOPIC V (T5) LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their live for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 states involved : Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
Lafayette: First military campaign : from June 1777 to January 1779
Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents” : from February 1779 to March 1780
Lafayette: Second military campaign : from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navare
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officialy and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
In 1784, Lafayette visited America, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome; he visited all the 13 states except Georgia.
-Maryland’s legislature honored Lafayette by making him and his male heirs « natural born Citizens » of the state, which made him a natural
born citizen of the United States after the 1789 ratification of the new national Constitution.
TOPIC VII (T7) LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
(Arriving from Philadelphia PA)
• October 6 – Wilmington/Delaware
• October 12 –District of Columbia.
• October 15 –Arlington House, and Washington/D.C. at night
• October 17 – Mount Vernon/Virginia
• October 18–19 – Petersburg/Virginia, for visit to Yorktown/Virginia
• October 19–22 – Williamsburg/Virginia
• October 22 – Norfolk/Virginia, Portsmouth/Virginia.
• October – Richmond/Virginia,
• November 4 –Monticello/Virginia (former President Thomas Jefferson).
• November 8 – Charlottesville/Virginia
• Early December – Washington/D.C.
• December 15 – Washington/D.C.
• December 17 – Lafayette arrives Annapolis/Maryland at 3:00 pm, is received in the Senate chamber and visits Fort Severn. He attends a ball that night. He is formally received at the Senate house on December 20.
• December 24 – Lafayette arrive at the « Jug Bridge » crossing the Monocacy River on the National Pike east of Frederick MA.
• January 1 – Attends a banquet hosted by Congress Washington/D.C.
• January 19 – Visits Baltimore and leaves January 20 on a steamboat bound for Norfolk, VA on his way to visit the legislature of Virginia at Richmond / Virginia
• January 31 – Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Perseverance Lodge #21)
• February 23 -Suffolk/Virginia and Halifax/North Carolina (sandy « Lower Road » from Richmond to Raleigh)
• February 25 -Lafayette granted Poulson’s Advertiser an interview.
• February 26—Murfreesboro/North Carolina (first overnight in NC)
• February 27 – Northampton/NC (now the town of Jackson) and Halifax NC
• February 28 – Enfield/North Carolina (brief stop at home of Joseph Branch and Tar River at the falls (now Rocky Mount). Night at Rogers Crossroads/NC
• March 1. Fayetteville/North Carolina
• March 2–3 – Raleigh, North Carolina
• March 15 -Charleston, South Carolina,
• March 18 – Beaufort, South Carolina, (John Mark Verdier House)
• March 19 –Savannah, Georgia.
• March 21 –Savannah, Georgia. (Johnson Square, memorial General Nathanael Greene)
• March 23 – Augusta/Georgia (up the Savannah River by steamboat)
• March 25 – Warrenton, Georgia (along the Milledgeville Stage Road)
• March 26 – Sparta, Georgia
• March 27 – Milledgeville, Georgia (capital of Georgia since 1804). Night at the Gachet house, Lamar County/Georgia.
• March 29 – Macon/Georgia (visits the Old Creek Indian agency in Crawford County, Georgia)
• March 30 – Night in a bark-covered log cabins (now in Chattahoochee County)
• March 31 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• May 22 –Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern
• May 24 – Wheeling/Virginia
• May 25 – Washington/Pennsylvania
- July 27 – Departs West Chester for Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
- Late July – Departs Lancaster, PA for Baltimore, Maryland, via Port Deposit and Havre de Grace, Maryland. (Spends two days in Baltimore.)
• Late August – Lafayette returns to Mount Vernon/Virginia
• September 6 – Washington, D.C.
• September 7 – Lafayette leaves Washington and returns to France on the frigate USS Brandywine.