The state joined the union on December 11, 1816 – State N0 19/24
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN INDIANA
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
The northeast corner of the Tippecanoe County Courthouse in Lafayette, Indiana, with the fountain and statue of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette in the foreground
By Lorado Taft (1887. This was the first of many fountains Taft would execute with the replica of the statue of Marquis de La Fayette, by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (Union Square NY)
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange, « Home » of Lafayette
Lafayette, IN – a City
Lafayette Township, IN – Allen County
Lafayette Township, IN – Floyd County
Lafayette Township, IN – Madison County
Lafayette Township, IN – Owen County
West Lafayette, IN – part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area
Fayette, IN – a community in Perry Township, Boone County
Fayette County, IN
Fayette Township, IN – Vigo County
Lafayette Square Mall Indianapolis, IN
Lagrange County, IN
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Indianapolis, IN – State Capital
Crawfordsville, IN – Lafayette Rd
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION (1765-1783)
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their life for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
* Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
*Lafayette back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
*Lafayette second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
(No involvement. The State did not exist in 1765-1783)
Go to the 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States, 1783-1803
(No visit. The State did not exist in 1784)
In 1784, Lafayette visited all the 13 States of America except Georgia, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome.
Go to the States visited: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North today Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia).
TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
Arriving from Chattahoochee County now in GA
March 31, 1825 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell. Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• April 3 – Montgomery/Alabama
• April 4–6 – boards two boats, the Balize, and the Henderson, over the Alabama River (Selma, Cahaba, meet the French Vine and Olive refugee colony (now Demopolis). A brief stop in Claiborne.
• April 7 – Mobile/Alabama
• April 8 – boards steamboat down Mobile Bay to Mobile Point/Alabama and the original steamer Natchez (built in 1823) to New Orleans/Louisiana
• April 11 – Chalmette/Louisiana. New Orleans lodges in the Cabildo
• April 15 – On the steamer Natchez up the Mississippi River towards Baton Rouge/Louisiana
• April 16 – Brief stop Duncan’s Point, and Baton Rouge for a reception.
• April 18 – Natchez/Mississippi.
• April 28 – Carondelet/Missouri.
• April 29 – Louis/Missouri.
• April 30 – Kaskaskia, Illinois, (once the French capital of Upper Louisiana).
• May 4 – Nashville/Tennessee.
• May 8–9 – The steamboat Mechanic, conveying Lafayette to Louisville/Kentucky, sinks on Ohio. All passengers reach shore safely, but Lafayette loses property and money. The party departed the following day on a passing steamboat Paragon.
Cannelton, IN / Lafayette Spring
Marker reads: Lafayette Spring
Lafayette and his party spent the night in this community after the steamer mechanic sank in the Ohio River may 9,1825. Pioneers came from miles around to visit him at this spring before he departed the following day on a passing steamer. From this historic spot Lafayette spring chapter, d.a.r., takes its name / Erected by Lafayette spring chapter, d.a.r. 1958
• May 11 –From Louisville/Kentucky, Lafayette crosses the Ohio River to spend a day in Jeffersonville/ Indiana. He returns to Louisville that evening.
• May 12–13 – Lafayette stays in Louisville/Kentucky
• May 14 – Attends dinner and a ball in Frankfort/Kentucky.
• May 15 – Spent the night at the home of Major John Keene, five miles from Lexington/Kentucky.
• May 16–17 –Attends a military parade and speaks at Transylvania University and the Lexington Female Academy in Lexington /Kentucky
• May 18 –Arrives at Georgetown/Kentucky.
• May 19–20 – Cincinnati/Ohio.
• May 21 –Maysville/Kentucky.
• May 22 Heading to Gallipolis/Ohio and visits the historic « Our House Tavern »