The state joined the union on December 3, 1818 – State N0 21/24
TOPIC I (T1) – OUTDOOR SCULPTURES IN ILLINOIS
Statues, Busts, Monuments, Memorials… Historic Parks and Places…
(No outdoor sculptures found)
TOPIC II (T2) – MANY PLACES…
Town, city, village, county, township …may refer or are named for
General Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette or La Grange, « Home » of Lafayette
La Fayette, IL – a Village
Lafayette Township, IL – Coles County
Lafayette Township, IL – Ogles County
Fayetteville, IL – a Village in St. Clair County
Fayette County, IL
Fayette Township, IL – Livingston County
La Grange, IL – a Village
La Grange, IL – a community in Brown County
La Grange, IL – a suburb of Chicago, a village in Cook County
Lagrange Township, IL – Bond County
TOPIC III (T3) – STREETS, ROADS, SQUARES…
Parks, places, sites …
Springfield, IL – State Capital
(No places named for Lafayette found)
Arlington Heights, IL – Lafayette St.
Aurora, IL – Lafayette St.
Bartonville, IL – Lafayette Ave.
Beardstown, IL – Lafayette Ave.
Bloomington, IL – Lafayette St.à
Godfrey, IL – Lafayette Ave.
Jacksonville, IL – Lafayette Ave.
Jerseyville, IL – Lafayette St.
La Salle, IL – Lafayette St.
Macomb, IL – Lafayette St.
Mattoon, IL – Lafayette Ave.
Metamora, IL – Lafayette St.
Mount Pulaski, IL – Lafayette St.
Peoria, IL – Lafayette Ave.
Prophetstown, IL – Lafayette St.
Riverside, IL – Lafayette Rd.
Rockford, IL – Lafayette Ave.
Rushville, IL – Lafayette St.
Sandwich, IL – Lafayette St.
Shirley, IL – Lafayette St.
Staunton, IL – Lafayette St.
Willisville, IL – Lafayette St.
Wood Dale, IL – Lafayette St.
TOPIC IV (T4) – INDOOR OBJECTS, MUSEUMS …
Pictures, busts, Exhibitions …
(No information found)
TOPIC V (T5) – LAFAYETTE AND FRANCE
THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION (1765-1783)
They played a key role in the American Revolution (1765-1783)
and during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Between 1778 and 1783,
44 177 French soldiers and sailors fought aside the “American Insurgents”,
5 040 gave their life for their independence.
Road markers, places, objects…
The 13 English colonies
LAFAYETTE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
He enlisted as a volunteer without pay alongside the « Insurgents » of the 13 English colonies in America who declared independence unilaterally July 4, 1776
* Lafayette: First military campaign: from June 1777 to January 1779
*Lafayette: Back in France to plead the cause of the “Insurgents”: from February 1779 to March 1780
*Lafayette second military campaign: from April 1780 to December 1781
FRANCE INVOLVEMENT DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Louis XVI – King of France and Navarre
1768-1777 – France secretly helps the American Insurgents
1768: Baron de Kalb a Bavarian-born French military, traveled to America on a covert mission (to determine the level of discontent among colonists) on behalf of France.
1775-1776-1777: France secretly sent military supplies. During these three years, France had been sent secretly to the American rebels over five million “livres” of aid.
1778-1782 – France officially and fully aids the American Insurgents
1778 (February) – Franco American Treaty
(Later Spain (in 1779) and Dutch (in 1780) became allies of France)
*1778-1779 – 1st “French Expedition” under Comte d’Estaing
*1780-1781-1782- 2nd “French Expedition” under Comte de Rochambeau
*1781- The French Navy under Comte de Grasse joins the Franco-American ground Forces in Yorktown, VA
(No involvement. The State did not exist in 1765-178)
Go to the 13 states involved: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia.
TOPIC VI (T6) – LAFAYETTE VISIT (August 4 to December 22, 1784)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States, 1783-1803
(No visit. The State did not exist in 1784)
In 1784, Lafayette visited all the 13 States of America except Georgia, where he enjoyed an enthusiastic welcome.
Go to the States visited: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts (South and North today Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia).
TOPIC VII (T7) – LAFAYETTE’S FAREWELL TOUR (1824-1825)
Road markers, places, objects…
The United States in 1825
The 24 states visited : Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine (ex-Massachusetts / North part), Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia. Plus Washington D.C.
Arriving from Chattahoochee County now in GA
March 31, 1825 – Crosses the Chattahoochee River into Alabama and stays in Fort Mitchell.
Route west to Montgomery via military escort through Creek territory.
• April 3 – Montgomery/Alabama
• April 4–6 – boards two boats, the Balize, and the Henderson, over the Alabama River (Selma, Cahaba, meet the French Vine and Olive refugee colony (now Demopolis). A brief stop in Claiborne.
• April 7 – Mobile/Alabama
• April 8 – boards steamboat down Mobile Bay to Mobile Point/Alabama and the original steamer Natchez (built in 1823) to New Orleans/Louisiana
• April 11 – Chalmette/Louisiana. New Orleans lodges in the Cabildo
• April 15 – On the steamer Natchez up the Mississippi River towards Baton Rouge/Louisiana
• April 16 – Brief stop Duncan’s Point, and Baton Rouge for a reception.
• April 18 – Arrest at Natchez/Mississippi.
• April 28 – Carondelet/Missouri.
• April 29 – Louis/Missouri.
• April 30 – Governor Edward Coles hosts Lafayette in Kaskaskia, Illinois, once the French capital of Upper Louisiana. Among the dignitaries were Pierre Menard and William Hamilton, son of Alexander Hamilton. A banquet was served at Colonel Sweet’s Tavern and a ball was held at the stone mansion of William Morrison. Mary Paniccia showed a letter written by Lafayette in 1778, from his headquarters in Albany to her father, a chief of a New York Indian nation. Lafayette’s party departed shortly after midnight.
• May 4 – Nashville/Tennessee.
• May 8–9 – The steamboat Mechanic, conveying Lafayette to Louisville/Kentucky, sinks on Ohio. New steamboat Paragon.
• May 11 –Louisville/Kentucky. Jeffersonville/ Indiana. (Lafayette crosses the Ohio River from Louisville to spend a day He returns to Louisville that evening)
• May 12–13 – Louisville/Kentucky
• May 14 – Frankfort/Kentucky.
• May 15 – Lexington/Kentucky.
• May 16–17 – Lexington/Kentucky
• May 18 –Georgetown/Kentucky.
• May 19–20 – Cincinnati/Ohio.
• May 21 –Maysville/Kentucky. Heading to Gallipolis/Ohio (Our House Tavern